12V Lead-Acid battery changer and terminal
- DISCLAIMER: I DO ELECTRONICS AND 3D DESIGN SOLELY AS A HOBBY. THERE COULD BE ERRORS THAT CAN RESULT IN ALL KINDS OF DAMAGE. USE THESE DESIGNS AT YOUR OWN RISK.
- This design is released under Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license.
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2 Project description
Simple charger and terminal (front-end) for 12V lead-acid battery.
Idea is to distribute power from rechargeable 12V battery to various appliances (soldering iron, radio transmitters, etc..) while also providing use-charging in the background.
Single on/off button disconnects battery and up-step voltage source from front panel terminal connectors.
Tecnoiot MT3608 voltage up-step is used. 3V DC external power supply is used to feed voltage up-step. Up-step is tuned to ~14.4 V.
Current design is rather of blog (experience sharing) value. It has quite some drawbacks:
- Warning: Circuit has dangerous instability. Requires low voltage ~3V but relatively high current external power supply. Using higher voltage but low current power supply could easily lead to situation where step-up generated load pushes power supply output voltage down too much. This leads to too much power being lost within power supply and easily leads to power supply overheating!
- There is no dedicated current limiter. 3V external power supply and up-step are acting as current limiters.
- While RCA connectors do work as DC power connectors, but are not intended to be used this way and are not very reliable.
- Voltage up-step provided output is not very clean. Extra capacitors and induction coils could be added to remove high frequency noise in the voltage.
- Metallic and shielded body would be helpful to reduce electromagnetic/radio noise generated by step-up.